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Chapter Notes

Dr. Rips has done a formal controlled experiment only in the Book of Genesis, but we consistently find accurate details of modern events also encoded in the rest of the Torah, the first five books of the Bible. The Rabin assassination, for example, was encoded in Numbers and Deuteronomy.

"I would be surprised if the same code we proved existed in Genesis did not exist in the rest of the Torah," states Rips.

And he agrees that other parts of the Old Testament, like Daniel and Isaiah, might also be encoded. The collision of the comet with Jupiter was encoded in Isaiah, where the date of the impact was also found in advance.

The Bible code itself appears to confirm that the entire Old Testament is encoded. "He encoded the Torah, and more," states the code, evidence that not only the first five books, but at least some of the later writings also have hidden information.

Indeed, the clearest encoding of the "Bible code" uses the Hebrew word "Tanakh," the name for the entire Old Testament. "Tanakh" is actually a Hebrew acrostic of the first letters of the names of all three parts of the Old Testament, the Law, the Prophets, and the Writings.

Crossing the words "Bible code" is a hidden text that states it was "sealed before God"-an apparent statement that the Bible code is the "sealed book," the secret revelation foretold in the plain text of the Bible.

Rips used the standard Hebrew language text of Genesis, known as the Textus Receptus, in his experiment. The same full text of the Bible is used in the Bible code computer program.

The best known edition of that text, the Jerusalem Bible (Koren Publishing Co., 1992), also contains the most widely accepted English translation of the Old Testament, and it is the primary source of quotes from the plain text in this book. I have also consulted and sometimes used a translation some scholars prefer by Rabbi Aryeh Kaplan, The Living Torah (Maznaim, 1981).

Quotes from the New Testament are primarily from the King James Version, although I have also consulted a modern translation known as the New International Version.

The statements by Rips quoted throughout this book come from a series of conversations that took place over the course of five years, primarily at his home in Jerusalem, in his office at Hebrew University, in his office at Columbia University, and in hundreds of telephone interviews.

CHAPTER ONE: THE BIBLE CODE

Chaim Guri called Rabin's office the night I met with him, September 1, 1994, and the next morning the Prime Minister's driver picked up my letter warning of the assassination and delivered it to Rabin. Guri, the winner of Israel's two highest writing awards, the Bialik Prize and the Israel Prize for Literature, had known Rabin since childhood, and remained one of the Prime Minister's closest friends.

Yigal Amir, a 26-year-old Orthodox Jew, fired three shots, hitting Rabin twice, after a political rally in Tel Aviv on the evening of November 4, 1995. He later said that God commanded him to do it, and claimed that the murder was justified by religious law because Rabin was planning to surrender the land that God gave Israel.

"5756," the Hebrew year encoded with "Rabin assassination" and "Tel Aviv," began in September 1995, and ended in September 1996. The years encoded in the Bible are from the ancient Hebrew calendar, which starts in Biblical time, 3760 years earlier than the modern calendar.

In addition to Guri, two other people knew more than a year before it happened that I had found the Rabin assassination predicted in the Bible code, and that I warned the Prime Minister. When I first found the prediction encoded in 1994, 1 showed it to Eli Rips, who was then in New York as a visiting professor at Columbia University. And on the same trip I met with Guri, 1 met with the chief scientist at the Israeli Ministry of Defense, Gen. Isaac Ben-Israel. The memo I gave him, dated August 31, 1994, stated: "The only time the full name Yitzhak Rabin is encoded in the Bible, the words `assassin that will assassinate' cross his name ... I think Rabin is in real danger, but that the danger can be averted." Later I met again with Gen. Ben-Israel, along with Rips, who briefed him on the technical details of the Bible code.

A month before the assassination I again tried to reach Rabin directly. He was in the United States to sign an interim peace agreement with Arafat at the White House. I sent a message to his top aide September 30, 1995, stating: "Last year, I was in contact with Prime Minister Rabin through his close friend, Chaim Guri. He spoke to the Prime Minister after meeting with me, and sent him a letter about a possible threat to Mr. Rabin's life. I have uncovered new information that suggests Prime Minister Rabin may be in great danger." The aide did not get back to me, and I was not able to reach the Prime Minister, who was killed five weeks later.

I spoke again to Guri the day after Rabin was killed, then flew to Israel and met with him in Jerusalem. In the phone call, and at our meeting, he told me his reaction to the prediction of the assassination coming true, and of his immediate call to Gen. Barak. Ehud Barak, the most decorated military hero in Israel, had for many years been the Army's chief of staff, and Guri referred to him that way, but at the time Rabin was killed Barak was actually a cabinet minister.

I first heard about the Bible code by chance, in June 1992, after meeting on an entirely different subject with Gen. Uri Saguy, who was then chief of Israeli military intelligence. The information came from a young officer, but no one at the top level of Israeli intelligence was aware of the Bible code until I brought Rips in to brief some of the technical officers at a later time.

Rips is an associate professor in the department of mathematics at Hebrew University in Jerusalem. The quote that he read to me from the Genius of Vilna came from an English translation of The Jewish Mind, by Abraham Rabinowitz (Hillel Press, 1978), pp. 33-34.

Rips' colleague Witztum found in advance the precise date of the first Scud missile attack on Israel, 3 Shevat, 5751 (January 18, 1991). Rips confirmed that Witztum told him the date, and that Rips himself saw it encoded in the Bible, three weeks before the Gulf War started. Later, both Rips and his wife told me how they had felt the night that the missile attack did happen on the exact date found in advance.

H.M.D. Weissmandel, the Czech rabbi who found the first evidence of the code, never himself published his discovery. But his students did later publish a limited-edition book that included a brief reference to his code work before World War II, Torat Hemed (Yeshiva Mt. Kisko, 1958). One of his students, Rabbi Azriel Tauber, said that Weissmandel, in a pre-computer era, wrote out the entire Torah on index cards, with 100 letters on each card, ten rows of ten letters each, and then looked for words spelled out with equidistant skips.

Isaac Newton's search for the Bible code was revealed by the great economist John Maynard Keynes in Essays and Sketches in Biography (Meridian Books, 1956), pp. 280-290, "Newton, the Man." Richard S. Westfall, in The Life of Isaac Newton (Cambridge University Press, 1993), p. 125, also quoted Newton's theological notebooks, and stated that the physicist "believed that the essence of the Bible was the prophecy of human history." See also, Westfall's Never at Rest: A Biography of Isaac Newton (Cambridge University Press, 1980), pp. 346ff.

I first saw the report of the Rips and Witztum experiment in the original draft they submitted for peer review, and the abstract quoted is from that draft.

The paper was ultimately published in an American math journal, Statistical Science, in August 1994 (vol. 9, no. 3), pp. 429-438, "Equidistant Letter Sequences in the Book of Genesis," Doron Witztum, Eliyahu Rips, and Yoav Rosenberg. I spoke to the journal editor, Robert Kass, before the article was published. His editorial note is quoted from the pre-print he read to me. It was later published in Statistical Science, p. 306. The full Rips-Witztum paper is reprinted in the Appendix of this book.

The results Rips and Witztum reported in Statistical Science were that the names had matched the dates against odds of four in a million, but in a series of later experiments the actual odds were found to be one in ten million.

The original results were derived by taking the set of 32 names and 64 dates and jumbling them in a million different combinations, so that only one was a completely correct pairing. Rips and Witztum then did a computer run to see which of the million examples got a better result-where the information came together most clearly in the Bible. "In four cases the random pairing won," explained Rips. "The correct pairing won 999,995 times."

But in a second experiment where all the correct matches of names and dates were eliminated from the jumbled pairings, and the only correct information appeared in the completely accurate list, and 10 million permutations were checked, the results were one in 10 million.

"None of the random pairings came out higher," said Rips. "The results were 0 vs. 9,999,999, or one in 10 million."

Harold Gans told me the results of his independent experiment in a January 25, 1993, telephone interview, and he further detailed it in another telephone interview in December 1996. In his paper submitted to Statistical Science, Gans
stated: "We conclude that these results provide corroboration of the results reported by Witztum, Rips, and Rosenberg."

Gans stated the odds of finding the cities encoded with the names of the sages were 1 in 200,000.

In the years since the Rips-Witztum paper was published in August 1994, no one has submitted a rebuttal to the math journal, Kass stated in a January 1997 telephone interview.

An Australian scientist, Avraham Hasofer, did publish a brief critique of the Bible code in a small religious journal, B'Or Ha'Torah (no. 8, 1993), pp. 121131. But that was before Rips and Witztum published their experiment. Hasofer did not address their mathematical evidence that there is a code in Genesis, and Hasofer did not himself run any experiment, or actually investigate the Bible code.

Another Australian mathematician, Brendan McKay, raised questions about the Rips-Witztum experiment on the Internet after this book was written. He suggested that the code found in Genesis may not exist in the rest of the Bible. But McKay was not aware that the Rabin assassination was found in advance, encoded in Numbers and Deuteronomy, and that other major events were found in each of the five books of the Torah.

McKay also questioned the statistical method Rips used. But McKay's paper is only a preliminary draft. It has not passed the peer review process that Rips' work did, and McKay has not submitted it to Statistical Science, or any other referee journal. Rips has responded to McKay, inviting his challenge. "I think he is not right," said Rips.

Israel's most famous mathematician, Robert J. Aumann, noted that even if McKay was right, his own preliminary draft stated that the results in the Rips-Witztum experiment would still be 1 in 1000, in ordinary science still very strong results, indeed the most rigorous test ever applied by mathematicians.

Harvard statistician Persi Diaconis, in a letter dated May 7, 1990, in fact set that standard for the Rips-Witztum experiment that proved the existence of the Bible code: "For publication of such a fantastic claim I think a significance level of 1/1000 or better should be required."

The experiment carried out by Rips and Witztum in accordance with all Diaconis' demands had a significance level of at least 1/50,000 (and a later experiment showed the odds were really 1/10,000,000). Diaconis recommended that the paper be published in the math journal Statistical Science.

An Israeli mathematician, who asked not to be quoted by name, told me in December 1996 that he has begun a "preliminary investigation" of the Rips Witztum experiment. He stated that he has "no evidence" that their findings are wrong, and in fact stated that "the math is perfect, and so is the computer science." However, he questioned the way in which Rips and Witztum chose the names of the sages they matched with the dates of birth and death in the Bible code.

I raised his questions with Rips. Rips told me that he and his colleague Witztum had first compiled a list of 34 sages from a standard reference text, The Encyclopedia of Prominent Jewish Scholars, doing it entirely mechanically, using only the names of the men to whom the Encyclopedia devoted three or more columns.

Their first experiment, according to Rips, showed "a very strong correlation between the names and the dates," apparently proving the existence of a code in Genesis.

Later, the Harvard statistician Persi Diaconis, an independent authority who was supervising their experiment, demanded "fresh data," a new list that could not have been selected to succeed.

Diaconis also suggested the experimental method Rips and Witztum used, a million permutations of the names and dates, to test whether the correct pairing of names and dates were really the best match in the Bible code.

Rips and Witztum compiled a second list of 32 names, again mechanically, using in their experiment all the sages to whom the same Encyclopedia devoted at least one-and-a-half and less than three columns.

Because many of the sages, especially in pre-modern times, went by several different names, and there were diverse spellings of some of the names, Rips and Witztum then submitted the final list of 32 to the chairman of the Biblical bibliography department at Israel's Bar-Ilan University, Dr. Shlomo Z. Havlin.

Havlin, one of the foremost experts on Rabbinical literature in the world, who helped compile Bar-Ilan's famous data bank of ancient Hebrew literature, made the final decision on which spellings of which names Rips and Witztum would use in their experiment. I interviewed Havlin in Jerusalem in December 1996, and he confirmed that he, independently, decided which data would be used by Rips and Witztum in the experiment that proved the existence of the Bible code.

Havlin also made a written statement: "I have confirmed that each of the two lists of names and denominations were decided by my judgement, and that I scrupulously examined it against the computerized data-bank of the Data Processing Center of Bar-Ilan University."

These, then, are the facts:

(1) The list of names used in the final experiment was decided by an independent scholar, Havlin at Bar-Ilan;

(2) The names were found encoded with the dates, according to a mathematical test designed by a second independent scholar, Diaconis at Harvard;

(3) The same 32 names, plus the original 34 names, were then found also to match the cities, by a third independent scientist, the Pentagon codebreaker Gans.

The experiment that proved the existence of the Bible code could not have been rigged.

Nonetheless, the Israeli mathematician who declined to be named challenged the results of the Rips-Witztum experiment, claiming that if the columns in the Encyclopedia were measured more precisely, three of the 32 names used in the Rips experiment would be deleted, and two other names would be added.

Rips and Witztum accepted his challenge, and ran their entire experiment all over again in December 1996 and January 1997, using the revised list of names demanded by the skeptical mathematician. The results, Rips reported, were "twenty times better than in our original experiment"-instead of four in a million, two in 10 million. By another way of measuring the odds, the original results were one in 10 million, and the new results five in 100 million.

I performed my own, more limited experiment, checking 20 Bible code findings displayed in this book, to see if any of the same encodings also appeared in a control text of the same size, the first 304,805 letters from the Hebrew translation of Crime and Punishment. Half of the names or phrases did not appear at all, and none appeared with coherent, related information.

For example, "Yitzhak Rabin" did not appear with any skip sequence in Crime and Punishment, nor did "atomic holocaust." That was expected, because the odds against Rabin's full name appearing in a text of 304,805 letters were 10 to 1, and the odds of "atomic holocaust" appearing were almost 100 to 1.

Other expressions like "President Kennedy" and "Shakespeare" did appear in Crime and Punishment. That was also expected, because the odds were that both names would appear with some skip sequence in a text of that size.

However, whereas in the Bible the next words after "President Kennedy" were .to die," and "Dallas" was encoded in the same place, in Crime and Punishment there was no match with the name of the city where he was assassinated, and nothing related to his murder appeared in the same place.

Similarly, "Shakespeare" appeared once in Crime and Punishment, but not with "Hamlet" or "Macbeth."

The pattern was consistent for all twenty names and phrases checked. Sometimes random letter combinations did appear in the novel, but never with coherent information.

"Obviously, if one were to search for enough examples in another book," said Rips, "one would finally find some related words that do meet, that appear in the same place. This would be expected by random chance.

"But only in the Bible code is there consistent, coherent information. And no one has found in War and Peace or Crime and Punishment the accurate prediction of an assassination a year before it happened, or the correct dates of a war three weeks in advance. No one has found anything like that in any other book, in any translation, or in any original Hebrew text, except the Bible."

THE legendary original form of the Bible dictated to Moses by God-"contiguous, without break of words"-was stated by one of the greatest sages in history, Nachmanides, in his Commentary on the Torah (Shilo, 1971), Charles Chavel, ed., vol. 1, p. 14. The continuity of the original Bible was also expressed in its original form as a scroll, not as a book with separate pages, but as one continuous parchment that was unrolled.

Einstein's statement that "the distinction between past, present, and future is only an illusion" comes from a letter he wrote to the family of his lifelong friend Michele Besso on March 21, 1955, Einstein Archive, 7-245, published in The Quotable Einstein (Princeton University Press, 1996), p. 61.

Besso was a fellow clerk at the Swiss patent office where the 25-year-old Einstein formulated his Theory of Relativity. The quoted letter was written just after Besso died fifty years later, less than a month before Einstein's own death.
The full context of his statement about the true nature of time is therefore poignant: "Now he has departed from this strange world a little ahead of me.

That signifies nothing. For us believing physicists, the distinction between past, present and future is only an illusion, however persistent."

Stephen Hawking's statement that "time travel might be within our capabilities" is quoted from his introduction to The Physics of Star Trek (Basic Books, 1995), p. xii. Hawking repeats his belief in time travel in the latest edition of his book A Brief History of Time (Bantam, 1996)= "The possibility of time travel remains open" (p. 211). He also notes that any advanced form of space travel would require faster-than-light travel, which automatically means going back in time.

The collision of comet Shoemaker-Levy with Jupiter starting on July 16, 1994, was observed by astronomers around the world, and reported in the international media. The details reported are from a series of stories in the New York Times, and the May 23, 1994, issue of Time magazine.

THERE is a complete version of the Bible in the original Hebrew almost 1000 years old, the Leningrad Codex, published in 1008 AD. It is the oldest intact copy of the Old Testament. There is an even older copy of the Hebrew Bible at the Shrine of the Book in Jerusalem, called the Aleppo Codex, but part of it was destroyed in a fire. That book, when it was still intact, was used by Maimonides, the great twelfth-century scholar.

Parts of every book of the Bible (except Esther), and a complete copy of Isaiah, were found among the Dead Sea Scrolls, which are more than 2000 years old.

All Bibles in the original Hebrew language that now exist are the same letter for letter. According to Adin Steinsaltz, the foremost translator of ancient Hebrew texts, the Talmud clearly states several times that if a copy of the Torah has even one wrong letter, it cannot be used and must be buried.

The Bible code computer program uses the universally accepted original Hebrew text.

Therefore, there is no question that information about today's world is encoded in a book that existed at least 1000 years ago, and almost certainly 2000 years ago, in exactly the same form it exists today.

My meeting with Kazhdan and Rips at Harvard took place on March 22, 1994, in Kazhdan's office. His quoted comments on the Bible code are from that meeting.

Kazhdan, along with Yale's Piatetski-Shapiro and two other famous mathematicians, also made a written statement that was published in 1988, six years before the Rips-Witztum experiment passed three levels of peer review, noting that although it was premature to say that the code had been established decisively at that point, "the results obtained are sufficiently striking to deserve a wide audience and to encourage further study."

When we met at Harvard in 1994, the original Rips experiment had just passed the final peer review. Kazhdan then stated that he believed the Bible code was real, but could not yet explain its existence.

My meeting with Piatetski-Shapiro took place at the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton, in November 1994, and his quoted statements are from that interview.

Stephen Hawking's statement re: the Uncertainty Principle was published in A Brief History of Time (Bantam, 1988), pp. 54-55.

Einstein's statement re: quantum physics and God was made in a December 4, 1926, letter to the physicist Max Born, published in The Born-Einstein Letters (Macmillan, 1971), pp. 90-91.

I met with Robert J. Aumann at his office in Hebrew University, Jerusalem, on January 25, 1996, and all his quoted statements were made at that meeting, except for the final statement "The Bible code is an established fact"-which he made at a March 19, 1996, meeting of the Israeli Academy of Science, when he introduced Rips, who had been invited to speak to the Academy.

Aumann was the senior mathematician most directly involved in overseeing the original Rips-Witztum experiment that proved the existence of the code, and therefore has the most detailed knowledge of their work. I have met and spoken with Aumann on several occasions since our first meeting. He remains a convinced sceptic: "Psychologically it is very difficult to accept, but the science is entirely on the level."

The code's suggestion that there is a "fifth dimension" led me to meet with the chairman of Harvard's physics department, Sidney Coleman, and one of the leading experts on the origin of the universe, M.I.T. physicist Alan Guth. Both told me, in separate interviews, that most physicists now agree that there is a fifth dimension, but that no one can yet define what it is. Both, however, stated an apparent paradox-that the fifth dimension is smaller than the nucleus of an atom, but that we, our whole universe, are inside it.

The ancient religious text cited by Rips is The Book of Creation (Sefer Yetzirah), which according to legend was first written by the patriarch Abraham, a thousand years before Moses received the Bible on Mt. Sinai. The Book of Creation states that we exist in a five-dimensional world, three dimensions of space, a fourth dimension of time, and a fifth spiritual dimension. Modern science confirms the first four, and has no definition of the fifth.

Chapter One, verse five of The Book of Creation defines the five dimensions this way: "A depth of beginning / A depth of end, A depth of good / A depth of evil, A depth of above / A depth of below, A depth of east / A depth of west, A depth of north / A depth of south." The Book of Creation, translated by Aryeh Kaplan (Samuel Weiser, 1990), p. 44.

Rips, in citing this ancient definition of the "fifth dimension," noted that every dimension is defined by a system of measurement, and that the fifth dimension may contain all the others because it is defined by the distance between good and evil, and that, said Rips, "is the greatest distance in the world."

CHAPTER TWO: ATOMIC HOLOCAUST

There is a consistent prophecy throughout the Old Testament that Israel will be devastated in some terrible war, and it is this prophecy that gave rise to the larger vision of the Apocalypse, best known from the horrifying prediction in the New Testament, the Book of Revelation.

The word "Apocalypse" comes from Greek, and actually means "to uncover, to reveal." But in modern times it has come to mean the final destruction that is revealed in the Bible.

In the Old Testament, the final destruction is very clearly focused on Israel. Its most famous statement is in Daniel 12:1-"And there shall be a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation." But the earliest statement
of the Apocalypse comes from Isaiah. In Isaiah 9:13 it is stated this way: "The Lord will cut off Israel, head and tail, in a single day." In Isaiah 29:1 the threat is very specifically focused on Jerusalem, as it is in Daniel 9:12, which states: "Under the whole Heaven there has not been done the like of what has been done against Jerusalem."

Both Daniel and Isaiah 29 make it clear that the ultimate danger is in a time yet to come, that the destruction of Jerusalem is not only in the past, but also in the future.

The best known prophecy of the "Final Battle" is in Revelation 20:7-9, which predicts that Satan will lead a great army in an attack on Jerusalem. The names of the nations in the invading Satanic horde, "Gog and Magog" (20:8), actually come from the Book of Ezekiel in the Old Testament, where they are described simply as enemies who will invade Israel from the North at some unstated time in the future (Ezekiel 38-39). The very word "Armageddon," which also comes from Revelation (16:16), is actually a Greek transliteration of the name of a city in northern Israel, Megiddo.

In the current tense Middle East environment, it is already hard to remember that at the time Rabin was killed Israel was almost uniquely at peace. That was accomplished largely by the Rabin-Arafat handshake on the White House lawn on September 13, 1993. And it did not break down until the wave of terrorism began, as predicted in the code, on February 25, 1996.

The letters that spell out the Hebrew year 5756 also spell out a question that I have translated, "Will you change it?" In fact, the "it" is implied in the Hebrew, but not stated. The literal Hebrew translation is a question in plural form: "Will you change?" The question is not whether we will be changed, but whether we will change something else.

So the best English translation of the question formed by the letters that spell out the year 5756, the English words that give the clearest sense of the Hebrew, are as stated, "Will you change it?"

My original letter to Shimon Peres was dated November 9, 1995, and was delivered to him that day by Elhanan Yishai, who had known the Prime Minister since Peres was thirteen, and remained a close friend and ally in the Labor party. Peres' reaction was told to me by Yishai after their meeting less than a week after Rabin was killed.

I met with Peres' press secretary Eliza Goren at the Prime Minister's office a few days later, and her quoted comment is from that meeting. I again saw Goren in New York on December 10, 1995, and at that time gave her another version of the same letter I had earlier sent the Prime Minister.

The quote from the U.S. Senate report on the danger of nuclear terrorism is from the opening statement of Senator Sam Nunn, vice chairman of the Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations, as transcribed in the original report of the October 31, 1995, session. It appears in slightly altered words in the final committee report, "Global Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction" (Sen. Hrg. 104-422), p. 4.

The statement that "even potatoes are much better guarded" than nuclear weapons in the collapsed Soviet Union was made by Mikhail Kulik, the official who investigated the theft of 13.5 kilograms of enriched uranium from a nuclear-submarine shipyard near Murmansk. It is quoted in Scientific American (January 1996), p. 42, "The Real Threat of Nuclear Smuggling," Phil Williams and Paul Woessner.

The danger was further confirmed by several nuclear terrorism experts in and out of the U.S. government, including Pentagon and C.I.A. officials who spoke to me on a background basis.

The offer by a top Russian scientist to sell a Soviet missile system he had helped develop was made to me at a meeting in Moscow in September 1991. The obviously impoverished condition of top nuclear scientists that so shocked me in the days right after the Soviet Union first started to collapse apparently still exists to this day.

In October 1996 the chief of the most important nuclear weapons design facility in Russia, Vladimir Nechai, committed suicide because of the shame he felt in not being able to pay his scientists for months at a time. In a New York Times column November 15, 1996, another Russian official who attended his funeral noted the condition of the nuclear scientists who were there: "Here was the pride of Russian science; here were the physicists of world stature, dressed in their threadbare jackets and faded shirts with frayed cuffs." The official, Grigory Yavlinsky, concluded, "In Russia, no one can guarantee the security of thermonuclear programs."

My telephone conversation with Gen. Jacob Amidror took place in November 1995. Amidror was then deputy chief of Aman, Israeli military intelligence. He is now the top aide to the Defense Minister.

Gen. Danny Yatom first contacted me by letter dated December 18, 1995, but we did not talk until the first week of January, 1996. Yatom's letter stated, "Following your letter dated December 10, 1995, to the Prime Minister, Mr. Shimon Peres, he has asked me to meet with you for discussions."

In our later telephone conversations Yatom, who was then Peres' top military advisor, arranged for me to meet directly with the Prime Minister. Yatom's quoted statement is from a telephone conversation.

My January 26, 1996, meeting with Shimon Peres at the Prime Minister's office in Jerusalem was arranged through Yatom, and attended by Goren. Peres' quoted questions are from that meeting.

Kaddafi's statement was released through the Libyan news agency on January 27, 1996, and reported in Israeli newspapers the next day. The quote is translated from the daily Ha'aretz.

My meeting with Gen. Yatom was on January 28, 1996, at the Prime Minister's office in Jerusalem. Yatom told me he had already talked to Peres about our meeting, and also said he had read Kaddafi's statement. His quoted statements are from that meeting.

Peres' speech, stating the danger of nuclear terrorism, took place in Jerusalem January 30, 1996. It is quoted from a January 31 report in the Jerusalem Post. Peres later made a similar statement on ABC's "Nightline" (April 29, 1996): "It is the first time in history that an evil and malicious movement, covered by a religious lining, may acquire these terrible weapons. Imagine what would have happened if Hitler had a nuclear bomb."

CHAPTER THREE: ALL HIS PEOPLE TO WAR

The February 25, 1996, terrorist bombing in Jerusalem and the series of bombings over the next nine days were reported throughout the world. The account here is taken from the New York Times and the Jerusalem Post.

Although that date, 5th Adar in the Hebrew calendar, had been found the day Rabin died nearly four months earlier, because the prediction "all his people to war" seemed so unlikely to come true so soon, I did not tell Prime Minister Peres when I met with him in January. At the last minute, the night before the
Sunday morning attack I did try to reach Gen. Yatom, but there was no answer at his office.

I met with Yatom April 30, 1996, outside the Israeli Embassy in Washington, as we had arranged in a phone conversation earlier that day.

I called Eli Rips May 28, 1996, the day before the Israeli election, and told him that I had found "Prime Minister Netanyahu" encoded in the Bible. It was Rips who discovered, during that phone conversation, that the word "elected" crossed Netanyahu's name. I told Rips I did not believe it would happen and asked him what he thought about the apparent false prediction in the Bible code. He suggested we wait to see the outcome.

Rips agreed that it was clearly against the odds that two statements of death would cross "Prime Minister Netanyahu," but said he was not sure if those words, which appear in the plain text of the Bible, had meaning in relation to the modern event, the living man, encoded in the same place.

"But I had the same reservations about the prediction of Rabin's assassination," said Rips, "so this time I don't know what to say."

The words with the name "Amir" on the table where "Netanyahu" appears with "Yitzhak Rabin"-"He changed the nation, he will make them evil"-appear in reverse in the plain text of the Bible overlapping "Amir," whose name also appears in reverse. Both are in the same verse of the Bible where the words "name of the assassin" appear in the plain text, Numbers 35:11.

I first spoke to Ben-Zion Netanyahu June 3, 1996, by telephone and sent him the quoted letter to the Prime Minister dated May 29. 1 spoke to him again on June 9, and he confirmed that he had received my letter and given it to the Prime Minister Friday, June 7.

Professor Netanyahu's book, The Origins of the Inquisition, was published in 1995 by Random House. It is dedicated to his other son, Jonathan, who died July 4, 1976, leading the famous rescue at Entebbe.

Rips returned the elder Netanyahu's phone call in my presence on July 31, 1996. Rips confirmed to him that the Bible code was a scientifically proven fact, and that both "atomic holocaust" and "holocaust of Israel" were encoded in the Bible. I met with Ben-Zion Netanyahu at his home in Jerusalem the same day, July 31. His quoted statements are from that meeting.

The next day, August 1, I saw the elder Netanyahu again at his home in Jerusalem in the late evening. His quoted statements are from that meeting.

My last conversation with Ben-Zion Netanyahu on that trip to Israel took place on August 3, by telephone, and the quotes are from that phone conversation.

The last letter I sent Prime Minister Netanyahu was dated August 20, 1996, and was again sent to him through his father.

CHAPTER FOUR: THE SEALED BOOK

The "sealed book" is described in Revelation 5:1-5, and the story of the Messiah opening the "seven seals" is told in Revelation 6-8.

The original version of the same story appears in Daniel 12:1-4.

It is striking that in the New Testament the sealed book is opened to unleash the four horsemen of the Apocalypse, to cause the dead to cry for vengeance on the living, to trigger a great earthquake and cause the Sun, Moon, and stars to go black, and finally to cause "silence in Heaven."

However, in the original story told in the Old Testament, the sealed book is opened to save the world from disaster: "And at that time thy people shall be rescued, everyone that shall be found written in the book" (Daniel 12:1).

Isaac Newton's focus on Daniel and Revelation is revealed by several biographers, including Keynes. In describing Newton's hidden papers, Keynes wrote (p. 286): "Another large section is concerned with all branches of Apocalyptic writings from which he sought to deduce the secret truths of the Universe-the Book of Daniel, the Book of Revelations."

The "End of Days" appears four times in the original words of the Bible Genesis 49:1-2, Numbers 24:14, Deuteronomy 4:30, and Deuteronomy 31:29. A second Biblical expression of the "End of Days" appears in the last words of Daniel 12:13.

There are three ways to write any Hebrew year with letters, and I checked all three for each of the next 120 years, to see which best matched both Biblical expressions of the "End of Days." Out of 360 possible matches for each of the two ways the Bible originally stated the "End," only one year matched both5756, in the modern calendar the year that began in September 1995 and ended in September 1996.

The "time of trouble" is foretold in Daniel 12:1. The promise of salvation, "thy people shall be rescued," is also in Daniel 12:1.

One of the first Dead Sea Scrolls found was a non-Biblical prophecy of "The War Between the Sons of Light and the Sons of Darkness," in which the Final Battle is described in detailed military terms. For a more detailed discussion of Apocalyptic prophecies through the ages, see When Time Shall Be No More, Paul Boyer (Harvard University Press, 1992).

The Bible itself describes God giving Moses the Torah in Exodus 24:12. And Moses is clearly identified as the man who wrote down "the words of this Torah in a book" in Deuteronomy 31:24.

The description of God coming down on Mt. Sinai is vividly told in Exodus 19:16-20, the source of the description in this book.

Paul Davies is quoted from The Mind of God (Touchstone, 1993), p. 96.

The New York Times reported February 18, 1997, that "quantum computers" may be within our reach, that mankind may be ready to harness the world inside atoms and create "an information-processing method so powerful that it would be to ordinary computing what nuclear energy is to fire."

The astronomer Carl Sagan suggested that an advanced alien technology "might seem to us like magic" in Pale Blue Dot (Random House, 1994), p. 352. The author of 2001, Arthur C. Clarke, made a similar observation: "Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic" (Profiles of the Future, Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1984).

Paul Davies' imagined "alien artefact" is described in his book Are We Alone?

(Basic Books, 1995), p. 42. Stanley Kubrick, in his famous movie version of Clarke's 2001, showed a mysterious black monolith that seemed to reappear at successive stages of human evolution, each time we were ready to be taken to a higher level. When I told him about the Bible code, Kubrick's immediate reaction was, "It's like the monolith in 2001. "

The beginning of the Bible as a stone carving is told in Deuteronomy 27:2-8, in which Moses instructs the people to "write very plainly upon stones all the words of this Torah."

The quote from Jack Miles appears in God: A Biography (Knopf, 1995), p. 365.

Joseph's nickname, "Zaphenath-Paneah," appears in Genesis 41:45. There is a discussion of all the scholarly speculation of its possible meanings in Kaplan, The Living Torah, p. 207, including an Egyptian hieroglyphic representation of the name. The "revealer of secrets" passage is from Daniel 2:47. Miles' statement that the God assisting Joseph was apparently able to reveal the future, but not change it, is quoted from God, p. 365, and his comparison of the future to a "vast reel of film" that can be previewed is quoted from p. 365.

The quote Rips read to me from Isaiah 45:7, in which God Himself clearly states He is both good and evil, caused a nation-wide furor when it was quoted by a rabbi in Bill Moyers' 1996 PBS series, "Genesis." It was striking that the statement was such a surprise, and so controversial, because it was not hidden, but openly stated in a 2500-year-old book of the Bible, both in the original Hebrew, and in all standard English translations including the King James Version. If after several millennia most people still did not know, and could not accept, what was plainly stated in the Bible as the words of God, how could they accept a hidden code in the Bible?

The alternate translation of the final words of the Book of Daniel is not hidden in a code; it is simply another way of reading the plain words of the text.

CHAPTER FIVE: THE RECENT PAST

Isaiah's statement that "to see the future, you must look backwards" comes from verse 41:23, and is more fully discussed in Chapter Eight.

It has a special meaning in the Bible, but it is also a statement that anyone who knows the history of the world would make. It is what Churchill said, "The farther backward you can look, the farther forward you are likely to see." And the philosopher George Santayana said, "Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it."

Doron Witztum, Rips' colleague, discussed his code research with me when we met in June 1992 at his home in Jerusalem. Witztum also self-published a limited edition of his code findings, The Additional Dimension (Israel, 1989). The Holocaust material cited in Chapter One was included in that publication.

One significant fact I noticed from the first week I spent with Eli Rips searching the Bible code is that we were able to find in the code names and places determined by known events in world history, or by what was on the front page of a newspaper that day, things I asked him to find on the spot. Similarly, when people later asked me to find names or events I had not thought to look for, they too were often encoded with relevant information.

A publisher I met with while researching this book, Sonny Mehta at Knopf, asked me to look for Mahatma Gandhi. "M. Gandhi" was encoded in a single skip sequence with the words "He will be killed," just as "President Kennedy" was immediately followed in a single skip sequence by the words "to die."

The Sadat assassination was found in the Bible code by Rips' colleague Witztum.

The purchase of what is now known as the Tomb of the Patriarchs in Hebron 4000 years ago by Abraham is told in Genesis 23, where the entire transaction is described in detail, including the bargaining between Abraham and Ephron, a Hittite, before they settled on the price, "400 shekels of silver."

The Aum Shimikyo cult's plans were documented in a U.S. Senate committee report on the threat of terrorists using unconventional weapons, "Global Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction," Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations (Sen. Hrg. 104-422). "The world was forced to pay attention on the morning of March 20, 1995," said the committee vice chairman Senator Nunn, citing the day that poison gas was spread through the Tokyo subway system.
"The cult, known as Aum Shinrikyo, thus gained the distinction of becoming the first group, other than a nation during wartime, to use chemical weapons on a major scale. I believe this attack signals the world has entered into a new era" (p. 5).

The Senate report cited a book published by the cult leader, Second Set of Predictions, Shoko Asahara, in which he stated: "I am certain that in 1997, Armageddon will break out." According to an independent American expert on terrorism, documents seized at the time of Asahara's arrest revealed that he had set a new and earlier date for Armageddon, 1996.

The details of the Oklahoma City bombing come from reports in the New York Times, Time, and Newsweek.

A nuclear terrorism expert at the Pentagon later told me that if the Oklahoma bombers had the amount of plutonium that could fit in a Coca-Cola can, and had included that in their crude truck bomb made of fertilizer and fuel oil, that they could have made Oklahoma City uninhabitable for at least a century.

CHAPTER SIX: ARMAGEDDON

The story of the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls is recounted in Millar Burrows' authoritative book, The Dead Sea Scrolls (Viking, 1956), pp. 4-5. There have been several versions told, but all involve a Bedouin stumbling onto the 2000-year-old Dead Sea Scrolls by accident. Some believe he was not a shepherd boy, but a smuggler.

Norman Golb in his book Who Wrote the Dead Sea Scrolls? (Touchstone, 1995) states that the Dead Sea Scrolls were saved to preserve the Bible and other Temple writings from the Romans, before they destroyed Jerusalem in 70 AD.

The caves where the scrolls were found are located at Qumran in the cliffs above the Dead Sea.

The Isaiah scroll was the one complete book of the Bible found among the Dead Sea Scrolls. The original was on display, wrapped around the drum that stands in the center of the Shrine of the Book, until the curators realized that the ancient parchment was cracking. A facsimile is now wrapped around the drum, and the original is being restored.

The architect of the Shrine, Armand Bartos, in a telephone interview on October 21, 1996, revealed that the drum was designed to retract and be covered over by steel plates to protect the Isaiah scroll in case of nuclear war. It appears that the device he designed is no longer functional.

The Apocalypse is described in Isaiah 29, and the first Biblical reference to a "sealed book" is in Isaiah 29:11.

The alternate translation of Isaiah 29:17-18, which states that the sealed book will be opened, and its secrets revealed, is not hidden in a skip code, but simply in a slightly different set of word breaks in the original text.

I checked "World War" and "atomic holocaust" against all three ways to write each Hebrew year for the next 120 years. Out of 360 possible matches for each of the two expressions, only two years matched both-5760 and 5766, in the modern calendar the years 2000 and 2006. Rips later checked the statistics for the matches of "World War" and "atomic holocaust" with those two years and agreed that the results were "exceptional."

The estimate that there are 50,000 nuclear weapons now in the world comes from nuclear proliferation experts at the Pentagon. The same experts state that both American and Russian land-based ballistic missiles can reach any target on Earth within half an hour, and that submarine-launched nuclear missiles can reach most major cities within fifteen minutes. A nuclear World War could cause far more destruction within hours than World War II caused in six years. See also Jonathan Schell, The Fate of the Earth (Knopf, 1982).

The Mezuzah contains fifteen verses from the last book of the original Bible, Deuteronomy 6:4-9 and 11:13-21, a total of 170 words, always written in 22 lines. The small scroll is rolled up and inserted in a wooden or metal case, affixed to the upper part of the right doorpost, following the commandment in the Bible: "And thou shalt write them on the doorposts of thy house." In Hebrew the word for "doorpost" is "Mezuzah."

Senator Nunn's statement is quoted from "Global Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction" (Sen. Hrg. 104-422), p. 4. Senator Richard Lugar's statement is quoted from the same Senate report, pp. 10-11.

Peres' statement is quoted from his January 30, 1996, speech in Jerusalem. Jerusalem is the only city among the nine most likely targets of a nuclear attack that is a clear statistical match in the Bible code with either "atomic holocaust" or "World War," and it matches both against high odds. The other cities checked are Washington, New York, London, Paris, Tokyo, Beijing, Moscow, and Tel Aviv. Paris is the only other possible match with "World War," but the full hidden text seems to link that encoding to a former Israeli Prime Minister: "from Paris, Peres."

The encoding of "Jerusalem" that matches both "atomic holocaust" and "World War" is the best encoding of the name of that city in the Bible, the one with the shortest skip sequence. It appears in a single verse, Deuteronomy 5:9.
Moreover, the ancient Biblical name for Jerusalem, "Ariel," also appears with both "World War" and "atomic holocaust." That is the name of the city used in the first vision of the Apocalypse, in Isaiah 29:1-2.

"Ariel" has a second literal meaning in Hebrew, "altar hearth," the place where a burnt offering was made. And in Isaiah 29:2 the shocking connection is openly stated: "It shall be to me as an altar hearth." There follows Isaiah's vision of a future destruction of Jerusalem, words that appear to describe an atomic holocaust.

Schell's description of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima on August 6, 1945, is quoted from The Fate of the Earth, p. 37. Only a few sentences of his detailed description are quoted, and they are quoted without ellipses.

Schell's description of a ground explosion of a nuclear bomb, that also seems to echo the ancient words of Isaiah, is quoted from The Fate of the Earth, pp. 50-51, 53. Again, excerpts from a long detailed description are quoted here without ellipses.

Schell also notes that the 12.5-kiloton atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima was "by present-day standards a small one, and in today's arsenals it would be classed among the merely tactical weapons" (p. 36).

For an extensive discussion of the long, bloody history of religious conflict in Jerusalem see Karen Armstrong, Jerusalem (Knopf, 1996). In his review of the book, the New York Times Jerusalem bureau chief Serge Schmemann noted: "Three great monotheistic religions deem it sacred, yet no city has a comparable history of carnage, destruction, and strife" (New York Times Book Review, December 8, 1996, p. 13).

The "Armageddon" verse is quoted from the King James Version of the New Testament, Revelation 16:14 and 16:16.

The etymology of the word "Armageddon" is confirmed in The Oxford Companion to the Bible (Oxford University Press, 1993), p. 56. It is noted there that the word "Armageddon" is found only in Revelation 16:16, where it is specifically identified as the "Hebrew" name for the location of the Final Battle. The Oxford commentary then states: "Scholars generally explain Armageddon (NRSV: `Harmagedon') as a Greek transliteration of the Hebrew phrase har megiddo (`the mountain of Megiddo')."

The "Gog and Magog" verse is quoted from the King James Version, Revelation 20:7-8.

The Oxford commentary (p. 256) notes that Revelation apparently misquotes Ezekiel 38-39 where "Gog" is identified as the ruler of the land of "Magog." The Oxford commentary also states, "The specific location of Magog is unknown."

The original version in Ezekiel 38:15 clearly predicts that Israel will be invaded from the north. "Syria" is encoded with that verse, and the ancient names for Iran and Libya appear in Ezekiel 38:5. The slaughter that ensues is stated in Ezekiel 39:17-18.

Einstein's vision of World War III and World War IV was quoted in a display of his original handwritten manuscript of the Theory of Relativity at the Israel Museum in Jerusalem, which also houses the Shrine of the Book, where the Dead Sea Scrolls are displayed. It is also published in The Quotable Einstein, p. 223.

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Chapter Seven: Apocalypse

"The great terror" is foretold in Deuteronomy 34:12, the last verse of the original Bible, the last words the Bible says God dictated to Moses on Mt. Sinai. Kaplan's translation of the last three verses of the Torah states: "No other prophet like Moses has arisen in Israel, whom God knew face to face. No one else could reproduce the signs and miracles that God let him display in the land of Egypt, or any of the mighty acts or great sights that Moses displayed before the eyes of all Israel."

The hidden text of the last verse is not really in a code, but revealed by slightly different word breaks in the original text. The warning is very clear "for everyone, the great terror: fire, earthquake" -and it cannot be by chance that this is the last secret revealed in the Bible.

Three years are a very good mathematical match with "the great terror," the years 2000, 2014, and 2113. It is striking that all of the Apocalyptic dangers, whether man-made or natural disasters, appear in the Bible code to be grouped at least roughly within those same time frames.

The "great earthquake" is foretold in Revelation 16:18 and 16:20. An earlier vision of the "great earthquake" was in Ezekiel 38:19-20, where the location is clearly stated to be "the land of Israel." And an even earlier version was in Isaiah 13:13, where the threatened earthquake seems global, or even cosmic.

The full spelling of "Los Angeles" in Hebrew does not appear in the Bible code, but the abbreviated form "L.A. Calif." is more clearly encoded with "great earthquake" than any other major city in the world, and it appears also with "fire, earthquake." Both encodings appear with the same year, "5770," in the modern calendar 2010.

The U.S. Geological Survey report predicting a major southern California earthquake before 2024 was published in the Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America (vol. 5, no. 2), pp. 379-439, in April 1995.

I also interviewed the Survey's California coordinator David Schwartz on October 23, 1996, and he confirmed that a massive earthquake is expected in southern California within the next 30 years, and added that northern California is the second most likely area in the United States to be hit in the near future. "No one yet knows how good we are at this," said Schwartz, "but those are the two biggest bullseyes on the map."

The official Chinese government estimate of the number killed in the great 1976 earthquake in Tangshan was 242,000, but according to the New York Times the number killed was 800,000.

I told my then publisher, Dick Snyder, in April 1993 that the Bible code indicated Japan would be hit by a series of major earthquakes. The Okushiri quake happened July 12, 1993, and was encoded with the name of the epicentre and the month. My meeting with the Japanese cabinet minister Wakako Hironaka took place at her office in Tokyo in September 1993. The great Kobe earthquake struck on January 16, 1995, killing more than 5000.

Virtually all scientists now believe that the dinosaurs were wiped out by an asteroid that slammed into what is now the Gulf of Mexico approximately 65 million years ago. The latest findings suggest that it caused a firestorm across all of North America, immediately killing everything on this continent, and that the fallout from the explosion blotted out the Sun around the world, eventually killing all the dinosaurs. The original asteroid extinction theory was proposed in 1980 by Walter Alvarez, a geologist at Berkeley. The latest findings were published in the November issue of Geology Magazine by Peter Schultz and Stephen D'Hondt.

The creation of "the great Tanin" is told in Genesis 1:21. The name of the dragon the Bible says God fought, "Rahab," comes from Isaiah 51:9. It is a plea to God: "Awake, as in the ancient days, in the generations of old. Art thou not who cut Rahab in pieces, and pierced through the dragon?" The Hebrew word here is again "Tanin."

The oldest known Creation myth was written thousands of years before the Bible, in Sumer, the area near the Persian Gulf now called Iraq. The Sumerian myth begins with the slaying of a "dragon" by a "god." And nearly every ancient civilization around the world had a similar primal myth.

Brian Marsden's warning that the comet Swift-Tuttle might strike the Earth on August 14, 2126, was made on October 15, 1992. The quoted New York Times report was published October 27, 1992. The quoted Newsweek report was published November 23, 1992.

The 1994 collision of Shoemaker-Levy with Jupiter was reported around the world. The account here is from the New York Times and Time magazine. Eleanor Helin, the NASA scientist in charge of tracking asteroids and comets was quoted in the New York Times May 14, 1996, and the plans for preventing a collision with the Earth were reported in both the Times and Newsweek.

The ancient tale about the king who broke the big rock into pebbles before hurling it at his son is told in two ancient commentaries, Midrash Psalms 6:3 and Midrash Yalkut Shimoni 2:635. Later, an 18th-century sage, the Genius of Vilna, related this tale to the ultimate fate of one of two foreseen Messiahs, the one who according to legend will come first, in an effort to prevent the horror of the End of Days. Like the king's son, said the Genius of Vilna, he "will not suffer the death penalty. He must, however, still suffer the pain of the smaller rocks." Kol HaTor, chapter 1, paragraph 6.

The comet that hit Jupiter crumbled into twenty pieces before it bombarded the planet. It is striking that the Hebrew name for the planet Jupiter, "Zedek," which means "justice," is the root of a name used for the Messiah who comes first, "Zadik," which means "the just one."

The theory that an ancient collision by a comet may have inspired later Apocalyptic scenarios in the Bible is quoted from Timothy Ferris, "Is This the End?," New Yorker magazine, January 27, 1997, p. 55. The odds of a comet or asteroid striking the Earth are stated on p. 49.

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Chapter Eight: The Final Days

The Jerusalem Post report that Netanyahu was scheduled to meet with King Hussein in Amman July 25, 1996, appeared in the weekly edition published July 21. The date of the scheduled trip was also published in several other Israeli newspapers that week. The reason the trip was delayed, King Hussein's sudden illness, was confirmed by the Prime Minister's press office. Netanyahu's August 5th meeting with Hussein was reported in the Jerusalem Post August 6.

"Both trips were decided on the day I was elected," Netanyahu stated at a news conference, referring to his already completed visit to Cairo and his then upcoming July visit to Amman. Both trips were found encoded in the Bible a week before Netanyahu was elected, where his election was itself forecast in advance.

A more formal statement of the Uncertainty Principle is made by Stephen Hawking: "The more accurately you try to measure the position of a particle, the less accurately you can measure its speed, and vice versa." The upshot, according to Hawking, is that quantum physics can only "predict a number of different possible outcomes" and "not a single definite result." A Brief History of Time, p. 55.

My meeting with Dore Gold took place just before midnight on September 10, 1996, at the Essex House Hotel in New York. My fax to Gen. Yatom was dated September 11 and sent that day. I spoke with our go-between Gen. Ben Israel September 10 and again on September 12, and he told me that he had met with Yatom, and that Yatom confirmed he had received the message and Israeli intelligence was checking out the potential danger of an atomic attack. My final fax to Yatom was sent September 16.

The assassination of Austrian Archduke Ferdinand on June 28, 1914, is accepted by all historians as the immediate cause of World War I. A 1996 PBS documentary, "The Great War," reconfirmed that fact, and an Oxford historian on the show said that the assassination not only triggered the war, but also led inexorably to the Russian Revolution. Indeed, PBS raised the question of what might have happened if the Archduke's carriage had turned right instead of left, if it had not crossed the path of the Serbian nationalist who shot him: "A wrong turn by the Archduke's driver brought the heir to the Austrian throne face to face with Gavrilo Princip," the Serbian assassin.

The assassination set off a chain reaction. Again, from PBS: "On July 28, 1914, Austria declared war against Serbia. But war between Austria and Serbia meant war between Austria and Russia. That meant war between Russia and Germany.
And that meant war between Germany and France. And that meant war between Germany and Britain. In a flash, the whole continent was going to be at war."

The "Butterfly Effect" is cited by James Gleick in Chaos (Penguin, 1987), p. 8. He also quotes a much older version of the same concept, from a nursery rhyme (p. 23):

"For want of a nail, the shoe was lost; For want of a shoe, the horse was lost; For want of a horse, the rider was lost; For want of a rider, the battle was lost; For want of a battle, the kingdom was lost!"

The 9th of Av is not only by tradition the date that the First Temple was destroyed in 586 BC and the Second Temple in 70 AD, but also the date that England expelled the Jews in 1290, Spain expelled the Jews in 1492, and the day that the gas chambers of Treblinka began to operate in 1942, beginning the Holocaust. See Aryeh Kaplan, Handbook of Jewish Thought (Maznaim, 1979), vol. II, pp. 339-340.

Some historians suggest that the Nazis chose the day deliberately: "The mass expulsions from Warsaw began on July 22, 1942, the day before the 9th of Av.

On the following day, the 9th of Av, the gas chambers of Treblinka began to operate. The organization of these actions on a sombre Jewish holiday was no coincidence. The Nazis studied the Jewish calendar and frequently scheduled the most destructive actions [on such dates]. Within two months, 300,000 Jews were sent to their death." Nora Levin, The Holocaust (Schocken Books, 1973), p. 318.

According to the Talmud God cursed that day because it was the date in Biblical times that the first scouts Moses sent ahead into the Promised Land came back with an "evil report," telling the ancient Israelites that they could not conquer it.

"Ariel" is the ancient name of Jerusalem used in the first warning of the Apocalypse in Isaiah 29:1-2.

The paradoxical quote from the Talmud on the coexistence of free will and foreknowledge comes from Mishnah Avot 3:15, and is attributed to Rabbi Akiva.

In Hebrew the name "Jacob," which means both "he will prevent" and "he will delay," also means "he will follow," specifically track, or even shadow like a detective. So the name of the Biblical Patriarch may suggest that he is in some way still watching over his people. The name Jacob was given after a mysterious wrestling match with an unidentified night visitor (Genesis 32:25-29) became the name of the country, "Israel." In Hebrew, "Israel" means "he will fight God."

The Bible itself explains Jacob's new name that way: "Thy name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel; for thou hast fought with God and with men, and hast prevailed" (Genesis 32:29).

The three days of warfare starting on September 25, 1996, was reported throughout the world. The account here is taken from the New York Times and the Jerusalem Post. The archaeological tunnel under the Temple Mount in Jerusalem connects the holy places of three religions: the Wailing Wall, the Dome of the Rock and the Via Dolorosa, the route Jesus is said to have walked to his crucifixion.

The word "annexed" that appears twice with "Holocaust of Israel" is used by Israeli authorities to describe the only two territories captured in the 1967 war that were formally made part of Israel, the Golan Heights and East Jerusalem.
The Golan formerly belonged to Syria, which still claims it, and which recently moved elite troops into position around it. East Jerusalem was part of Jordan, and is claimed by the Palestinians as the capital of their homeland.

The name "Arafat" appears only twice with no skips in the original text of the Bible, and one of those times appears with the only meeting of the two Biblical expressions of the "End of Days." In fact, it appears directly below that phrase, against very high odds. Moreover, the next words in the hidden text following his name state, "Remember! Don't forget the confirmation of the End Time."

The "exile under Ishmael" is foretold primarily in the Zohar, an ancient commentary, part of the so-called "hidden Midrash" which reveals the secrets not stated openly in the Torah. There are several references in the Zohar to a future time of warfare in Israel in the "End of Days," before the coming of the Messiah. In Zohar Genesis 1:19A it is stated that "the children of Ishmael will prepare to arouse all the nations of the world to come against Jerusalem." It is also stated, however, that Israel might be saved from the attack.

The story of Isaac and Ishmael, Abraham's two sons, is told in Genesis 21. Ishmael's mother was a servant, Hagar the Egyptian, and when Isaac was born his mother Sarah told her husband Abraham, "Get rid of that slave woman and her son, for that slave woman's son will never share in the inheritance with my son Isaac" (21:10). When Ishmael was born, the plain words of the Bible seem to foretell the battle to come: "He will be a wild donkey of a man; his hand will be against everyone and everyone's hand will be against him" (Genesis 16:12).

The middle-of-the-night handshake between Netanyahu and Arafat January 15, 1997, was reported that day in the New York Times. Two days earlier, when first reports of the deal emerged, the Times reported: "American officials had no illusion that the Hebron agreement would preclude further crises and confrontations, given the fundamental mutual mistrust and antipathy between the conservative Israel Government and Mr. Arafat.

The scope of the further withdrawals, and the issues still to be negotiated-Jerusalem, borders, Jewish settlements-are expected to raise at least as many passions and crises as Hebron. Militant Jewish settlers are bound to view the Hebron withdrawal as a betrayal. Rejectionist Islamic groups among the Palestinians may try to use terror again to derail the agreements."

The series of events in March 1997 is recounted from reports in the New York Times and the Jerusalem Post. The quote from King Hussein's letter to Netanyahu is taken from a New York Times report on March 12, 1997. The March 21 suicide bombing was reported in the Times the next day.

Richard P Feynman is quoted from his book, Six Easy Pieces (Helix, 1995), p. 135. Feynman also states that he believes the Uncertainty Principle relates to all things and that therefore "at the present time we must limit ourselves to computing probabilities" (p. 136).

Feynman further states that he does not believe we will ever "beat that puzzle": "No one has ever found (or even thought of) a way around the Uncertainty Principle. So we must assume that it describes a basic characteristic of nature" (pp. 136, 132).

I was, by chance, reading Feynman's book as I was flying to Israel, and learned that Netanyahu was scheduled to go to Jordan on the day the Bible code had predicted in advance. When that trip was suddenly delayed, I realized that the great physicist must be right, we cannot be sure what will happen, we can only state probabilities.

The science writer Timothy Ferris, in the New York Times Magazine, September 29, 1996, stated that quantum physics "remains a highly successful branch of science." His article was entitled, "Weirdness Makes Sense" (pp. 143ff).

The Nobel laureate Gabriel Garcia Mârquez, in his novel One Hundred Years of Solitude, tells of the discovery of a manuscript which reveals a family's history "one hundred years ahead of time." As Garcia Mârquez describes it, he seems to have imagined the true nature of the Bible and its code on a smaller scale.

The writer "had not put events in the order of man's conventional time, but had concentrated a century of daily episodes in such a way that they coexisted in one instant" (Harper, 1991), p. 421. 1 thought of it when Rips told me that the whole Bible code had to be written at once, in a single flash.

My original meeting with Rabbi Adin Steinsaltz took place at his office in Jerusalem on June 30, 1992, two days after I first met with Eli Rips, and I have met with him on several of my return visits to Israel. We discussed the true
nature of time, and the way it might be revealed by the reversal of tenses in the Torah at that first meeting and on other occasions. Steinsaltz told me that although the statement of the future as the past and the past as the future is unique to the Bible, there is no extensive commentary on the reversal of tenses.

Steinsaltz first pointed me to Isaiah 41:23, the verse in the Bible that specifically related seeing the future to "saying things backwards." It was not until years later that I independently discovered that the verse, read backwards, stated the year of the threatened holocaust, "5756."

Rips calculated the odds that all the Apocalyptic dangers stated in the code would match a single expression of the year 2006, "in 5766," at about one thousand to one. He agreed it was "remarkable" that this one year among 120 uniquely matched all the dangers checked= "the End of Days," "World War," "Atomic Holocaust," "Holocaust of Israel," and "Great Earthquake." Rips also agreed it was "striking" that several expressions of the same years 2000 and 2006 likewise matched the same dangers, but said there was no clear way to measure that mathematically.

"We can be certain it is non-random, that it was intentionally encoded," said Rips. "We cannot be certain whether that means the danger is real."

The date of the first Scud missile attack, January 18, 1991, was reported in the New York Times, and confirmed in Facts on File Yearbook 1991, p. 28. Eight Scuds were fired at Israel at about 2 AM January 18 (Israel time). Two hit Tel Aviv. Three landed near Haifa. Three fell in open fields. Jerusalem was not hit. The U.S. had launched Desert Storm, starting the Gulf War, the day before, January 17, 1991.

"Code will save," the words that appear above "atomic holocaust" and below the End of Days," also has a second translation in Hebrew, "codes of Moses."

Exodus 2:10 tells how Moses was given his name. According to the Bible, he was born in Egypt at a time when the Pharaoh decreed that all male Hebrew infants be killed. His mother, to save him, built a small Ark, and set it afloat in the Nile. The Pharaoh's daughter found the child when she came to the river to bathe, and adopted him as her own:

"And she called his name Moses; and she said, Because I drew him out of the water."

In Hebrew, it is a play on words. According to the authoritative Alcalay dictionary (Massada, 1990), p. 1517, "Moses" actually means, "to pull out, extricate, rescue."

CODA

Jonathan Schell's statement "We are forced in this one case to be historians of the future" appears in The Fate o f the Earth, p. 21.